Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

With the manufacturing of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Over this period, there were only two other technologies capable of offering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a new strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. brk_343_4_1__54219.jpg During the some 9 years he possessed the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were initially designed for the purpose of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't supply sufficient water. To provide himself with a more useful way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes exposed, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Water-lifting System by Camillo Agrippa

Unfortunately, Agrippa’s great design for raising water was not cited a great deal after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it publicly. Merely years afterward, in 1592, the early modern Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the device outdated. The more plausible conclusion is that the unit was discontinued once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherpassed away in 1588, leading him to give up his rank as cardinal and go back to Florence where he accepted the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Renaissance gardens of the late sixteenth century happened to be home to works including musical water fountains, scenographic water presentations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t outfitted with water in ways which went against the force of gravity itself.

Outdoor Fountains And Their Role in Public Health

The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The taxation is intended to lessen sugary drink intake and improve the consumption of healthier drinks, such as water from fountains. Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from different racial or economic backgrounds had less availability to them. By creating a mobile GPS application, experts were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Demographic data on race and income was then gathered using the US Census database. The two data sets were compared to figure out what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while additionally deciding whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each fountain. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found poor, even if most were operating.

Ways to the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Garden

Incorporating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Size is not the most important consideration when adding feng shui design to your yard. If you have a lavish, eye-catching one, that is great, but even a small area works well with feng shui design.

The primary feng shui tools can be used for your home decor as well as your garden design.

In order to learn the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first have to understand your home’s bagua.

It is also essential to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal development energy. Since rocks symbolize the Earth element in feng shui, you might consider putting some into a tranquil Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

A water feature is a suitable addition to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous water features. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's work are apparent all through the avenues of Rome because, in addition to his abilities as a fountain designer, he was also a city builder. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately settled in Rome, to thoroughly express their artwork in the form of public water features and water fountains. An excellent employee, the young Bernini received praise and the backing of various popes and important artists. Originally he was recognized for his sculpting skills.

He made use of his knowledge and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

The Advantages of Solar Powered Outdoor Garden Fountains

Your garden wall fountain can be run by numerous power sources. Older fountains have historically been powered by electricity, but due to a greater interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in newer models. The initial expenses to run your fountain on solar energy are probably going to be higher, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the more affordable option. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are the most common materials chosen to build solar powered water fountains. This wide array of alternatives makes it easier to purchase one which matches your interior design. Easy to upkeep and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the environment, they are wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

Beyond its visual charm, interior wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a cool temperature. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool down your home by using the same principles. You can reduce your power bill since they use less energy.

One way to generate a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them. Either your ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can be used to augment flow. The most important consideration is to make sure that the air is continuously flowing over the surface of the water. Cool, fresh air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. You will experience a sudden coolness in the air when you come near a sizable waterfall or fountain.

Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will receive additional heat is not useful. Your fountain will be less reliable if you put it in the sunlight.

Enrich Your Daily Life with a Water Element

Your quality of life will be positively influenced by a fountain as it not only provides you a place of tranquility and calm, but also serves to clean the air.

There are many advantages to having an interior or outdoor water fountain which you may not even understand. It is most likely no coincidence that the human body is composed primarily of water, and that people are driven to coastal cities. While you could invest in an overpriced beach house or plunge into the ocean every day to enjoy the benefits of water, getting a water feature is much easier and more affordable!

The installation of an outdoor garden fountain to any deck, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. Even if you are already pleased with your outdoor area, the introduction of one of the many outdoor fountains available will make you love it even more. It can be hung on the external wall of your house above the patio, or even on the interior wall of a screened porch. Turn your flower garden into an oasis of tranquility by adding a lovely tiered model. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to still water, signifies that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for healthier water for wild birds. Add the final touch with the tranquil sound of flowing water in your garden.


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