The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. 6651_4601_art_1__22797.jpg But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more basic designs and often erected on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, commonly located in the widest, most fertile hollows. The serene practice of gardening was not viable in these dreary bastions. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace meant for walking and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains

Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an creative wizard, creator and scientific virtuoso. He methodically captured his experiences in his currently recognized notebooks, after his immense curiosity in the forces of nature led him to examine the qualities and motion of water. Transforming private villa configurations into amazing water exhibits full with symbolic meaning and natural beauty, early Italian fountain creators paired imagination with hydraulic and gardening abilities. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water pranks for the assorted properties near Florence, other fountain engineers were well versed in humanist issues as well as classical technical texts.

Water Transport Solutions in Historic Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out delivering the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had counted on natural springs up till then. Throughout this period, there were only two other innovations capable of supplying water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were manufactured to make it much easier to protect the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs.

That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran under his property.

Use a Outdoor Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be livened up with an indoor wall fountain. Installing this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health. Science supports the theory that water fountains are excellent for you. The negative ions emitted by water features are offset by the positive ions produced by modern-day conveniences. Undeniable favorable improvements in mental and physical health arise when negative ions overpower positive ions. A rise in serotonin levels is experienced by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, serene and lively. The negative ions generated by indoor wall fountains foster a better mood as well as get rid of air impurities from your home. Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. And lastly, dust particles and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

Vitalize Your Yard with the Help of Feng Shui

Introducing feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

When introducing feng shui design into your yard, even a very small area works. It is great to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still introduce feng shui design.

Feng shui tools are the same whether you are working in your garden or your residence. The first part is to understand the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

Before getting going, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can optimize their energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be incorporated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal growth energy.

This could be the perfect spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some beautiful stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water element is a suitable add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

Putting in a Fountain Can Benefit Your Company

Most clients love water fountains. The entranceway to your company or store is a great spot to place a water fountain as will increase traffic flow as well as differentiate you from others. Yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons as well as other retail businesses can all benefit from including a visible water feature outside. The right water fountain will bring a relaxing energy to a business that attracts people who enjoy the outdoors. Couples out on a romantic date will definitely appreciate a memorable fountain in any bar or restaurant.

The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Innovation

The published reports and illustrated publications of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the chief methods of dissiminating practical hydraulic concepts and water fountain ideas all through Europe. An un-named French water fountain designer was an internationally famed hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. His know-how in making landscapes and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written near the end of his life in France, became the definitive writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified important hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as describing modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanical means to move water. Natural light heated up the water in two hidden containers adjoining to the decorative fountain were displayed in an illustration. Actuating the fountain is heated water which expands and rises to close up the conduits. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also covered in the book.


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