The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. fcl118__23153.jpg Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward constructs that permitted their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The serene method of gardening was unlikely in these dreary bastions. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers wanting to dig under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

Water-lifting System by Camillo Agrippa

The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting creation received from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. Just years afterward, in 1592, the earliest contemporary Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was connected to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the product outdated. Although its glory was temporary, Camillo Agrippa’s planning for lifting water was the marvel of its day, exceeding anything crafted in Italy since the days of classic Rome. It could defy gravitation to raise water to Renaissance landscapes, nourishing them in a way other late 16th century models like scenographic water exhibits, melodious fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the artist. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Green Fountains

Do you desire to make your home just a little more stunning? Well, you can add that extra touch and increase the value of your home just by adding a solar run water fountain. You get all the rewards of an electric fountain, as well as other financial benefits and an overall betterment to your health. Even though there may be a significantly greater cost at the beginning, the long-term investment will make it worthwhile. You will not have to concern yourself about energy shortages since your fountain will not be driven by electricity.

Constant running water fountains will most probably lead to a higher electric bill at the end of the month. Although short-term costs might be more substantial than you had anticipated, don't forget that your residence is increasing in value.

Higher bills is not the only problem with using more electricity, the environment takes a big hit as well. Solar powered water fountains are a good option to becoming “green”. Using solar energy to heat or cool your home is much better for our environment.

Less maintenance is a result of installing this kind of fountain. Since solar fountains don't have motors, they don't get clogged which leads to little cleaning. And because there is little cleaning to do, you will have more time to enjoy yourself!

Did You Know How Technical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known?

Spreading pragmatic hydraulic knowledge and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time.

An unnamed French water fountain engineer came to be an internationally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, developing knowledge in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features. He penned a book entitled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his life while in France which turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering. The publication updated key hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanized way to move water. An decorative water feature with the sun heating the water in two containers stashed in a adjacent area was shown in one illustration. Actuating the water fountain is hot water which expands and rises to seal up the water lines. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond designs are mentioned in the publication.

The Simplest Way to Design the Optimal Haven Inside or Out

The right feng shui fountain will go a long way towards helping you create a perfect peaceful spot. Adding a garden or home waterfall is a simple means to make this happen. The best complement to your decor is this type of element. The perfect location for your outdoor fountain is a spot where you can see it from inside too.

Plants and flowers are also essential for the most striking water fountains. The best idea is to add some plants which stay lovely no matter what the weather is outside. In addition, think about including other elements such as an outdoor fireplace, art, or interesting rocks.

Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Society

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization

In combination with supplying water, they spread out water which accumulated from deluges or waste. Many were created from clay or even stone. Terracotta was utilized for canals and conduits, both rectangle-shaped and circular. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were found have not been spotted in any other culture. Terracotta pipes were installed under the floors at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. The terracotta water lines were also used for accumulating and saving water. Hence, these pipelines had to be effective to: Underground Water Transportation: At first this particular process would seem to have been designed not quite for comfort but to provide water to certain individuals or rituals without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes may also have been utilized to haul water to water fountains which were distinct from the city’s normal technique.


How Technical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Spread
The published reports and illustrated pamphlets of the day contributed to the evolution of scientific technology, and were the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and water fountain ideas throughout Europe. An un-named French fountain ... read more
The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features
In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized water fountains. Pretty much all of them were planned, designed and built by one of the finest... read more
Fountains: The Minoan Civilization
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of sorts of conduits have been uncovered. These were applied to provide urban centers with water as... read more