Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Problems

With the building of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing technologies of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. p_422a__32236.jpg Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sections to generate water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its original building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it less demanding to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t provide a sufficient amount of water. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to reach his water needs.

What Fountains Add to Your Well-Being

There are countless advantages to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. Along with the many health benefits they provide, they also produce an environment which your friends and family will enjoy. In the end though, you will probably experience certain benefits your fountain will provide only to you. Perhaps it takes you back to a special area you once visited. You might think back to someone unforgettable when you look at it. Or maybe you want to build one in memory of someone you have lost. You will no doubt appreciate its benefits and beauty for a long time.

Recommendations for Creating a Relaxing Indoor or Outdoor Retreat

The ideal feng shui fountain will go a long way towards helping you build a perfect tranquil spot. A garden or home waterfall is the perfect choice. It will undoubtedly add a lot to the interior and exterior of your home.

Be sure to place your outdoor fountain so that it is noticeable from inside in order to get the most out of it.

Make sure to include some pretty flowers and plants, as they complement any water fountain. Select plants that keep their beauty year-round. In addition, consider adding other elements such as an outdoor fireplace, art, or pretty stones.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary modifications to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Architecture and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often constructed upon windy summits, castles were basic constructs that permitted their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day.

The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants trying to excavate under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

An Absolute Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not often visited. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a sad and desolate part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Brief Summary of Herb Gardens

Many gardeners are drawn to natural herbs because they can make use of them in so many distinctive foods. You will obtain immediate gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be employed in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a number of other recipes. Herbs are very easy to manage and often do not require daily care, but even better you can move these plants inside your home with the pots to assure they are going to be able to pull through the winter weather that often tends to be cold and life-threatening for all plants. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Consider the sorts of flavors you enjoy cooking with (and eating)when choosing herbs for your garden. Give consideration to the meals you like when selecting which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to cultivate basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. Where you put your herb garden will determine which herbs can grow there.

If you live in a mild climate it may be much better to plant right into the ground due to the warmer winters and cool summers. This makes your yard look beautiful without the problem of making or buying planters. If you don't want to your plants to perish or become dormant after becoming exposed to overwhelming weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are convenient and convenient and you can relocate inside at any time.

Outdoor Fountain Builders Through History

Frequently working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative legend, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an innovator and scientific specialist. He methodically documented his ideas in his currently famed notebooks, following his enormous fascination in the forces of nature led him to examine the qualities and movement of water. Converting private villa configurations into imaginative water exhibits packed of symbolic interpretation and natural beauty, early Italian fountain designers coupled imagination with hydraulic and gardening ability. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the numerous properties in the vicinity of Florence, some other water fountain creators were well versed in humanist subjects as well as time-honored technical texts.


The World’s Tallest Water Elements
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more
The Life-Altering Benefits of Water Fountains
The installation of an outdoor garden fountain to any porch, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. ... read more
How to the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Garden
People thinking about adding a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family). read more
The Prevalence of Water Elements in Japanese Gardens
Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. You can also ... read more
How Many Different Types of Backyard Water Fountains Can I Choose From?
A water fountain can significantly change the aesthetics of a garden. It will turn a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. The mood of... read more