The First Garden Fountains

The water from springs and other sources was originally supplied to the citizens of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not artistic. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to squeeze the water through valves or other outlets. a_516__51355.jpg Inspiring and spectacular, large water fountains have been crafted as memorials in many societies. If you saw the first fountains, you would not identify them as fountains. The very first known water fountain was a stone basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. 2000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were originally used. The first civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as attractive as they are functional. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from stone and bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Tips for Putting in a Garden

Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a suitable water source and an electrical outlet nearby. People sometimes fail to remember the technical details because they get caught up in the excitement of installing their newest purchase. Since standard power cords are only 12 feet in length, you might need to add an extension cord to reach the closest 120v outlet. Set up your fountain in a place near a water source as you will need to replenish it. Hauling water is difficult and laborious. A nearby water hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to look into getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much simpler in the long run.

Explore the World’s Most Impressive Water Features

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water heights of 202 meters (663 feet).

Located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. The fountain propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Water Wall Fountains

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to work optimally. It is essential to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. On top of that, algae can be a concern, because sunshine hitting the water enables it to form quickly. In order to stay clear of this, there are some simple ingredients that can be poured into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option as it can harm birds or other animals.

No more than 3-4 months should really go by without an extensive cleansing of a fountain. The initial task is to empty out all of the water.

Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean inside the reservoir. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue left on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Innovation

The circulated papers and illustrated books of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of spreading practical hydraulic facts and water fountain ideas all through Europe. An unnamed French fountain developer became an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. By designing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and amazing water attributes, he began his career in Italy by earning imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his life in France, became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book updated key hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. A pair of undetectable containers heated by the sun's rays in a room next to the ornamental water fountain were found in an illustration. What occurs is the hot water expanded, rises and locks up the piping heading to the water feature, consequently leading to activation. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond styles are mentioned in the book.

The Transforming Benefits of Water Features

From improving air quality to adding a feeling of serenity to the area, a fountain adds so much to your life.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will help you in ways you might not even know. It is most likely no coincidence that the human body is made up mainly of water, and that people are drawn to coastal cities. All living beings need water to exist, and while you could move to a pricey house on the beach somewhere, a much easier and cheaper possibility is to install a water feature wherever you live.

The installation of an outdoor garden fountain to any deck, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. You might be surprised how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more appealing with one of the many outdoor water features on the market. It can be mounted on the external wall of your house above the patio, or even on the interior wall of a screened porch. Make your flower garden an oasis of peace by adding a pretty tiered model. Birds love birdbath fountains because the flowing of the water ensures that it remains clean and does not accumulate bacteria and algae. Add the final touch with the enticing sound of moving water in your garden.

Aspects of Garden Statues in Archaic Greece

The first freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars.

For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot extended out of a strict forward-facing pose and the male statues were regularly nude, with a compelling, powerful build. The kouroi started to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an incredible point of change for the Greeks as they expanded into new modes of government, created unique expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. During this time and other durations of historical tumult, clashes often happened, most notably wars fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.


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