A Real Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not often visited. The part of town where it was situated was forlorn and uninviting which generally kept people away. brk-303-2__92712.jpg It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medallions bearing the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Contemporary Sculpture in Historic Greece

Sculptors adorned the complex columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it grew to be more standard for sculptors be paid to portray everyday people as well. Wealthy individuals would often times commission a rendering of their forefathers for their big familial burial tombs; portraiture additionally became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. A point of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to say that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture was a modern part of antiquity, whether the reason was religious fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its contemporary quality might be what endears it to us today.

Multi-level Water Features for your Backyard

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been popular, most notably in gardens. The nations in the southern part of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. Typical places to see them are in courtyards and city squares. All tiered fountains are enchanting, although some have much more elaborate carvings than others.

People love to include them in places having a more traditional look and feel. It should appear as if the fountain has been part of the environment since the beginning and should blend in accordingly.

Why Your Your Furry Friends and Visiting Birds Love Fountains

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to delight in the natural presence of wildlife or pets. Drinking, washing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do.

Robins, thrushes, orioles and warblers, though not attracted to bird feeders, are alternatively drawn to the motion of water produced by fountains. Many birds prefer flowing water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more enticing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Birds are highly attracted to the trickling and splashing sounds produced.

Dogs are attracted to fountains mainly because they provide drinking water. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for clean water. Fountains generally need little cleaning due to their constantly flowing water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly serviced because they easily collect debris.

Container Herb Gardening: What You Need to Know and More

Container gardening is ideal for herbs. If you appreciate being in the kitchen area or yard, you'll probably be drawn to the world of herbs. These easy to grow, unique plants give immediate satisfaction since they can be included in everyday meals such as soups and marinades. A few moments of care every day is all that is needed to preserve an herb garden once it's planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be brought inside once the fall nights begin to change, making it last all year long. Each kind of herb has a distinctive growth speed, making their harvest times vary. Like all hobbies, herb gardening requires a certain amount of patience. One must tend to an herb garden consistently, even though successes might not be noticeable on the 1st, 2nd or even 3rd day.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, magnificently one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces filled with vegetation. They were designed to be water-proof and positioned over a big, curved stone substructure with substantial storage rooms underneath. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic systems and the terrace soil was deep enough to grow trees. Popular plants were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Your Water Wall Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service

A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to think about the area you have available. It will require a strong wall to support its total weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a lightweight feature is going to be more appropriate. In order to power the fountain, an electrical plug will need to be close by. Since there are many kinds of outdoor wall fountains, installation methods vary, but the majority include easy to follow instructions.

Everything you will require to correctly install your outdoor wall fountain is typically provided in easy-to-use kits. The kit will contain a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). If the size is average, the basin can be concealed amongst your garden plants. Other than the regular cleaning, little servicing is required once your outdoor wall fountain is fitted.

It is necessary to replenish the water routinely so that it stays clean. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. Excessively cold temperatures can affect your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during wintertime. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to avoid any possible damage, such as cracking. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be around for many years to come with the correct care and maintenance.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology

Although the mechanism developed by Agrippa for lifting water gained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to vanish not long thereafter. It may possibly be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern channels made the device obsolete when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. Even though its success was temporary, Camillo Agrippa’s design for lifting water was the wonder of its day, exceeding anything crafted in Italy since the days of early Rome.

Renaissance gardens of the later part of the sixteenth century happened to be home to works including melodious fountains, scenographic water exhibits and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not filled with water in ways that violated gravity itself.


Fountains: The Minoan Culture
During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, various kinds of conduits have been detected. These provided water and eliminated it, including water from waste and deluges. The principle materials used were rock or clay. There... read more
Contemporary Statuary in Early Greece
Traditionally, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to ... read more
A Concise History of Public Water Fountains
Towns and villages depended on working water fountains to conduct water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the nineteenth... read more
The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Fountains
A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air over them in order to create a cooling effect. Using the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to enhance circulation. The most critical consideration is to ensure that the air is continuously... read more