Early Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains

twf028-ld__25647.jpg During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, many kinds of channels have been found. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms. The majority were prepared from clay or even stone. There were terracotta pipes, both circular and rectangular as well as pathways made from the same material. Among these were clay pipes that were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have exclusively showed up in Minoan civilization. The water provision at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of terracotta pipes that was positioned under the floor, at depths varying from a few centimeters to several meters. Along with dispersing water, the clay water pipes of the Minoans were also made use of to amass water and store it. This required the terracotta pipes to be capable of holding water without seepage. Underground Water Transportation: This system’s hidden nature might mean that it was originally planned for some kind of ritual or to distribute water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: Bearing in mind the indicators, a number of scholars suggest that these conduits were not linked to the prevalent water allocation system, offering the palace with water from a various source.

Directions for Hanging a Wall Water Feature

Wall features can complement any room. The effects of the water sounds include bringing tranquility and calm to the room. While any room will benefit from a wall fountain, they are most often hung in entryways.

How to install one varies a bit depending on the model, but there are some general instructions that apply to all of them. There are typically several pieces that need to be put together. The bottom and the upper part will need to be put together as well as the pump and the tubing. Remember to review the instructions before getting started in order to avert problems. It is usually a quick and easy procedure. Keep in mind, though, that each design might require a slight modification. Do not hesitate to get someone to assist you to hold the wall fountain in the right spot while you make a small mark on the wall. To facilitate a proper line, use a level. It is advisable to mark both the bottom and the top placements. Wall fountains can be mounted in two ways. You can place the screws in the wall and glide them into the holes on the back of the wall fountain. A second option is go with brackets secured on the wall. This last one is the more advisable technique, particularly if your fountain is large. Mark the spot on the wall where the brackets need to be attached. To insert the drywall anchors, first off put pilot holes into the wall. Insert the anchors by attentively hammering them into the wall. Use a cordless drill or a screwdriver to attach the brackets, making certain they are level.

Install your wall fountain by hanging it onto the brackets. Check to see that it is in the proper position and secure on the brackets. Water can be added after the fountain has been mounted. Make sure there is enough water to cover the pump. It is now time to plug it in and see the water flow. The water should fill the basin to within an inch of the very top. The basin will overflow when the pump is switched off if it’s too full, so be certain not to fill it completely. Whenever the pump is turned off the water all settles at the bottom of the basin, causing the water level to rise. Harm can be caused if the water is overly full and spills down your wall.

Garden Fountains: The Numerous Designs From Which to Choose

A garden can be a little sanctuary, providing you a serene place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. There is nothing as beautiful as one to unwind in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. Investing in a breathtaking garden is good, as it will boost the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Many people decide to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or including a water feature.

A significant improvement to your garden can be realized by installing a water fountain. A place of balance and serenity will appear from what was at first just a plain spot. The feeling of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will lure. Before you know it, the whole entire garden or yard will have a new focal point.

Did You Know How Technical Designs of Fountains Became Known?

Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published papers and illustrated books of the time, which contributed to the advancement of scientific development. In the late 1500's, a French water feature designer (whose name has been lost) was the globally renowned hydraulics pioneer.

With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, acquiring expertise in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water features. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his life in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were detailed as well as changes to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the publication. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Sunlight warming water in two containers concealed in a room adjacent to an ornamental water fountain was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated water expanding and ascending up the piping. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond designs are mentioned in the book.

Determing the Perfect Place for Your Water Element

It is important to consider how a water fountain will fit into your garden prior to buying one. Any high-traffic locations such as driveways, entryways, or roundabouts are perfect spots to install one.

There are models such as wall fountains made expressly to be positioned against a flat surface. If you look on the back, you will see a bar or some other piece to secure it against a wall, grate or fence.

Keep in mind when you install your fountain that you must safely attach it to a wall to avoid having it fall over in high winds and getting damaged.

In open-air places like parks where folks tend to sit and take it easy for a few minutes, you will notice one other option – the garden sculpture style.

Characteristics of Outdoor Statuary in Archaic Greece

Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, sculptures of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the greater part of the statues. Thought of by Greeks to embody skin care, the kouroi were structured into firm, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, muscular, and athletic. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they evolved into more sophisticated forms of federal government and art, and acquired more data about the peoples and societies outside of Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars among city-states are indicative of the tumultuous nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

A Water Fountain Your Cat Will Enjoy

Anytime your cat hears water flowing in the kitchen, does he come running? Do you find him guzzling toilet water or waiting before drinking water from his own bowl? While these actions might seem peculiar, in fact they are common because cats shy away from water that is not moving. In most cases, they will not seek out a lot of water to drink.

Felines in the wild generally get the hydration they need from meats containing water. Consequently, cats do not have a natural desire for much water. That said, household cats do in fact need extra water, so it is up to you to supply it. Make water easily attainable to your cat by installing a cat fountain.

Having one will ensure your pet has plenty of water around whenever it wants to drink. The range of different styles will let you to select a fountain best suited to your cat.

There are fountains that always have continual flowing clean water while others have a basin which refills as your cat drinks from it.


Chatsworth Gardens: The "Revelation" Water Display
Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, fashioned “Revelation,” the newest addition to the appealing exterior fountains of Chatsworth. In 2004/5 she... read more
Contemporary Sculpture in Ancient Greece
In the past, most sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it grew... read more
Archaic Greek Artwork: Large Statuary
Archaic Greeks were known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of... read more
The Original Fountains
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to bring water from canals or creeks to towns and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was... read more
Water Features: Furry Friends, Visiting Birds and You
Dogs love fountains because they provide another place to drink water. During hot months of summer, cats and dogs will be outdoors for the absolute freshest... read more