A Short History of Fountains

Towns and communities relied on functional water fountains to conduct water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or creeks. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, situated higher than the fountain. p_530_smithsonian_grecian_urn__06449.jpg Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been crafted as monuments in nearly all societies. Rough in design, the first water fountains did not look much like contemporary fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a natural stone basin created that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. The first stone basins are thought to be from about 2000 B.C.. The jet of water appearing from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the sole power source builders had in those days. The location of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. Wildlife, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, starting to show up in about 6 B.C.. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the city.

Ancient Greece: Cultural Sculpture

Traditionally, most sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Wealthy individuals would sometimes commission a rendering of their forefathers for their large family burial tombs; portraiture also became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. Over the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms transformed, so it is inaccurate to say that the arts served just one purpose. It may possibly be the modern quality of Greek sculpture that grabs our awareness today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world whether it was established for religious reasons or aesthetic pleasure.

Garden Water Fountains And Obesity

In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a regulation. The aim is to get men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the status of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created exclusively for the research. This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database.

Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, disclosing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The research was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the state of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found poor, even if most were functioning.

Water Transport Solutions in Early Rome

With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent only on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Over this period, there were only two other techniques capable of delivering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to meet his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Fountains

There are countless renowned Roman fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceived and constructed virtually all of them. He was furthermore a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain designer, and records of his life's work are apparent throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually relocated in Rome, to fully express their art in the form of public water features and water fountains. An outstanding employee, Bernin earned encouragement and the patronage of popes and important painters. His sculpture was initially his claim to celebrity.

Most famously in the Vatican, he utilized a base of experience in ancient Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.

Tiered Fountains for your Lawn

Fountains with more than one tier are very easy to find, and typical especially in gardens. These kinds of fountains are common in Italy, Spain, and other Mediterranean countries. While they can be located anywhere, they are most prevalent in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people get together. While some tiered fountains have sophisticated designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very simple.

People love to feature them in places having a more traditional look and feel. The fountain should look as old as the rest of the space and fit in accordingly.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineers Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as an inventive genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. With his immense fascination about the forces of nature, he explored the properties and movement of water and systematically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and gardening talent, early Italian water feature developers modified private villa settings into amazing water displays filled of symbolic meaning and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was renowned for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the many mansions in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist topics and classical scientific texts.


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