Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece

The Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to look stiff and typically had foot in front; the males were healthy, sturdy, and nude. p-345__44079.jpg Around 650 BC, life-size forms of the kouroi began to be observed. Throughout the Archaic period, a great time of changes, the Greeks were developing new sorts of government, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars involving city-states are suggestive of the disruptive nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

How to Incorporate the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Yard

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its healthy energy into your home as well.

Do not be concerned if your yard is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. Of course, a huge area is fantastic if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller areas as well.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the tools are the same. In order to understand the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first want to know your home’s bagua.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is vital to start by comprehending how to bolster each of its five elements.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should include in the northeast part of your garden because that section of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. This could be the ideal spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Think about introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the designer who created it. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons encountered great adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward structures that enabled their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of farming. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched sample we have. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A significant terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

An Short Guide to Herbs in The Garden

Herb gardening is a topic that many gardeners are drawn to. They are incredibly easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and offer instant gratification as you can make use of them in a variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces.

Though you may believe you have to get out and prune daily with an herb garden this is not true, but even better you can keep it going all year long by moving your pots inside in the fall. Since perennial herbal plants don't die easily or require replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden. Consider the varieties of flavors you enjoy cooking with (and eating)when picking out herbs for your garden. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you enjoy cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to plant cilantro instead. Where you put your herb garden will determine which herbs can grow there. It will be easiest to plant straight into the ground if your climate is on the more gentle side, with seasons that are not extreme. This makes your yard look striking without the trouble of making or buying planters. If you do not want to your plants to die or become dormant after becoming subjected to extreme weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are practical and convenient and you can relocate inside at any time.

Your Pet Cat and Fountains They Can Enjoy

Is your feline enticed by the noise of running water in the sink? Does he drink from the toilet or check the water in his bowl before drinking it? Odd as these behaviors appear, they really show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water.

As a matter of fact, they do not posses a strong natural inclination to hydrate.

Undomesticated cats get sufficient moisture from the meat they consume. For this reason, an intuitive longing for water never developed in felines. Owner's of a pet cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get enough water because it is an essential part of their overall health. With a cat fountain, you know your cat has enough water around.

Having one will ensure your cat has plenty of water available anytime it wants to drink. Fountains come in many shapes and sizes, so be sure to select one that best fits the needs of your cat. Some fountains are basically a bowl which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their constant flow.

Outdoor Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were applied to provide cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and remove waste. Most were created from terracotta or even stone. When prepared from clay, they were generally in the format of canals and circular or rectangular conduits. Among these were terracotta piping that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have only showed up in Minoan civilization.

Terracotta pipes were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the floor surfaces. Along with circulating water, the terracotta pipes of the Minoans were also utilized to collect water and accumulate it. To make this feasible, the pipelines had to be created to handle: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s hidden nature may mean that it was primarily planned for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: There is also proof which suggests the pipes being utilized to supply water features separately of the local strategy.


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