"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary

brk-303-1__85451.jpg The primitive Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Considered by Greeks to embody skin care, the kouroi were created into stiff, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-built, and fit. In about 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. Throughout the Archaic time, a big time of change, the Greeks were developing new forms of government, expressions of art, and a larger awareness of people and cultures outside Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are good examples of the types of battles that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

The Godfather Of Roman Outdoor Fountains

There are numerous renowned water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, created and constructed nearly all of them. Also a city architect, he had skills as a water feature designer, and marks of his life's work are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An exemplary workman, Bernin received compliments and the the backing of popes and important artists. His sculpture was initially his claim to glory. He made use of his expertise and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Explore the World’s Tallest Fountains

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. This fountain is considered the tallest in the United States with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Yard into A Good Place to Think

Feel the health benefits of feng shui by adding its design elements into your yard.

As far as the size of your yard goes, it is not particularly important when introducing feng shui design to it. A huge space is great for those privileged enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui tools are identical whether you are working in your garden or your house. In order to understand the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first want to understand your home’s bagua.

It is also essential to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is important to incorporate it. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a serene Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Anyone thinking about adding a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

The Original Garden Water Features

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or springs to towns and villages, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to force the water through spigots or other outlets. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been constructed as monuments in many cultures. Rough in design, the very first water fountains did not appear much like modern-day fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and religious functions. Rock basins are thought to have been first utilized around 2,000 BC.

The spray of water emerging from small jets was pushed by gravity, the sole power source designers had in those days. These original fountains were created to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, creeks and rivers to furnish drinking water. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., crafted from rock and bronze. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

Garden Fountain Designers Through History

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance skilled artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific expert. He systematically recorded his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his research into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. Combining creativity with hydraulic and landscaping abilities, early Italian water feature designers modified private villa settings into brilliant water displays full of symbolic meaning and natural wonder. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water features and water humor for the various estates near Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic themes and classical scientific readings.

Install an Outdoor Water Fountain as a Commemorative Piece

For a cherished one you have lost, a garden fountain could make a wonderful memorial. Customs that used to be prevalent are often eschewed these days. Commemorating loved ones who have passed is still the standard, however. Memorials often include personal artifacts and are frequently used to pay homage to the deceased.

A lot of people view backyard garden fountains as lovely commemorative pieces to their loved ones. You can individualize it in many ways such as adding a nameplate, holding yearly memorial services around the fountain, planting flowers nearby, or including a framed photo.

You can pay homage to the deceased in creative and special ways with garden fountains. Prosperity and a good life lived can be remembered with the flowing water, which is a figurative depiction of those things. In order to last a long time, your garden fountain ought to be well made, strong, and resistant to bad weather. When you get your garden fountain up and running, you will want to make sure it is going to hold up for many years.


Contemporary Statuary in Early Greece
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The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture
The Archaic Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks... read more
Keep Your Landscape Fountain Clean
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. If the water level falls below... read more
Installation and Maintenance of Outdoor Fountains
It is essential to replenish the water consistently so that it stays clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of rubbish which should be cleared away quickly. Protecting your outdoor wall fountain from... read more
Impressive Water Displays Around the World
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more