Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

The primitive Greeks built the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to look rigid and commonly had foot forward; the males were vigorous, strong, and naked. p-552__65303.jpg Around 650 BC, life-sized models of the kouroi began to be seen. Throughout the Archaic time, a great time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a deeper comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. Still these disputes did not prohibit the emergence of the Greek civilization. {

Water Fountains: Fundamental in any Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is complete without a water element. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. Since water is the most important component of any Japanese fountain, the design is generally simple.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. Under the bamboo spout is typically a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. Even when new, it should be made to look as if it has been outdoors for a long time. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are frequently put in place around a fountain so that it seems more in line with nature. As you can likely guess, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

If you are searching for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. Over the years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss blankets the stone.

If you are lucky enough to have a big plot of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Think about adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

There are different alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Potential options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the illusion of a babbling brook.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Statuary Fountains

There are numerous renowned water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceptualized and built nearly all of them.

He was also a city designer, in addition to his skills as a water feature developer, and traces of his life's work are apparent throughout the streets of Rome. Ultimately transferring to Rome to completely reveal their artwork, primarily in the form of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. An exemplary employee, Bernin received encouragement and the the backing of popes and important painters. At the beginning he was known for his sculptural expertise. He made use of his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The Globe's Tallest Water Features

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Jetting water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Rock and terracotta were the elements of choice for these channels. When clay was chosen, it was normally for canals as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or circular shapes. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were uncovered have not been detected in any other society. Terracotta conduits were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the flooring.

Along with distributing water, the clay pipes of the Minoans were also made use of to amass water and store it. In order to make this achievable, the conduits had to be created to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature may mean that it was originally created for some sort of ritual or to distribute water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: Given the evidence, several historians suggest that these pipelines were not linked to the common water distribution process, offering the palace with water from a different source.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Water fountains

Water fountains will keep working a long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can form. To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water. Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, however this is not an ideal option as it can sicken birds or other animals.

An extensive cleaning every three-four months is recommended for garden fountains. Before you can start cleaning it you should drain out all of the water. Then use a soft cloth and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Make sure all the soap is totally washed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain working smoothly. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Use a Outdoor Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

You can liven up your environment by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your wellness can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the science supporting this idea. Modern-day appliances produce positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions discharged by water features. The negative ions produced by these types of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive shifts to both your mental and physical health. The higher serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized.

An improved state of mind as well as a elimination of air impurities comes from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, ensure you install one of these. And lastly, dust contaminants and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.


The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design Innovation
Throughout the European countries, the primary means of spreading practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas were the circulated papers and illustrated books of the day, which added to the advancement of scientific innovation.... read more
"Old School" Water Fountain Creative Designers
Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly... read more
The Godfather Of Rome's Fountains
There are many celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center. Almost all of them were designed, designed and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian... read more
Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges
With the manufacturing of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring... read more
The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens
The arrival of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century significantly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. ... read more
Can Fountains Help Cleanse The Air?
You can animate your living area by putting in an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your wellness can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just... read more