The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. p_698__01495.jpg The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental constructs that enabled their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed sample we have. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A monumental terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Your Kitty Cat and Fountains They Can Appreciate

Does hearing water run from the spigot make your cat come running? Do you find him gulping toilet water or hesitating before drinking water from his own bowl? Cats tend to favor water that is flowing, as this behavior demonstrates. As a matter of fact, they do not have a strong natural inclination to hydrate.

Undomesticated cats get sufficient moisture from the meat they consume. For this reason, an intuitive longing for water never developed in felines. Nevertheless, cats which do not hunt in the wild need adequate hydration, so you need to be sure they have an adequate supply. To maintain a good water source for your pet, get it a cat fountain.

Limitless clean water will continually be available to your pet if you install one. Fountains come in various shapes and sizes, so be certain to choose one that best fits the needs of your cat.

Some fountains are basically a bowl which refills automatically while others offer fresher water due to their continuous flow.

The Advantages of Solar Outdoor Water fountains

There are many different electrical sources you can use for your garden wall fountain. Eco-friendly solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have substituted older fountains which run on electricity. Although solar powered water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial expense is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are used to make solar operated water fountains. Your decor dictates which type best suits you. Easy to upkeep and an excellent way to make a substantial contribution to the eco-system, they are wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

Beyond its visible charm, interior wall fountains can also help to keep your house at a cool temperature. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool off your home by using the same principles. You can also save on your electric costs because they consume less energy.

One way to produce a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them.

Using the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to optimize circulation. It is essential that the surface of the water have air regularly blowing across it. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, crisp air. The sudden chill we feel is normal when we approach a large public fountain or a waterfall. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will receive additional heat is not useful. If you are looking for an efficient cooling system, it should be placed away from direct sunlight.

Container Herb Gardening: All You Need to Learn and Then Some

To create the perfect herb garden, try container gardening. The topic of herbs will almost certainly be appealing to any person who likes spending time in the kitchen or garden. Growing herbs is straightforward and straight forward, and easily pay off given that they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. It only takes a little time each day to maintain your herb garden, and if you own planter gardens and potted herbs, they can be taken inside once autumn begins to freeze - so you can take pleasure in your herbs all 12 months long. Harvest times change for herbs as each variety will have a different rate of development. Patience is necessary for herb gardening, just like any other pursuit. One must tend to an herb garden consistently, even though successes might not be noticeable on the 1st, 2nd or even 3rd day.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were merely terraced roofs full of vegetation. They were water-resistant and planned to be developed over a large, curved stone foundation that held substantial storage rooms further down. The terrace soil was compact enough to efficiently grow trees and water from deep wells fed the plants via hydraulic devices. Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were preferred plants.

Where are the Planet's Biggest Water Showpieces?

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain propels water 260 meters (853 feet) in the air.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. This fountain is considered the tallest in the United States with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

The Plusses of a Water Element in Your Workplace

Most customers consider water fountains are a great addition to a business. A business or store with a lovely water fountain in its entryway will entice customers and differentiate them from the competition. Yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons as well as other retail businesses can all profit from including a visible water feature outside. A water fountain will offer the perfect ambiance to a business where people like to gather and relax. Bars or a restaurants that include a water feature will appeal to those who are looking for a romantic setting.

The Original Water Feature Creative Designers

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a inspired wizard, creator and scientific expert. With his immense curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he examined the characteristics and motion of water and also systematically documented his examinations in his now much celebrated notebooks. Modifying private villa settings into innovative water exhibits packed with symbolic significance and natural wonder, early Italian water feature designers paired resourcefulness with hydraulic and horticultural ability. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was celebrated for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Well versed in humanistic subject areas and classical technical texts, other water feature creators were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water properties and water antics for the various estates near Florence.


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