The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Engineering and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. The tranquil method of gardening was impractical in these bleak bastions. brk-303-1__85451.jpg Berkeley Castle is possibly the most unchanged model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

Contemporary Statues in Old Greece

Even though the majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to portray common people as well because many of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. In some cases, a depiction of affluent families' ancestors would be commissioned to be located inside of huge familial burial tombs, and portraiture, which would be duplicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. During the the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed, so it is inaccurate to say that the arts delivered merely one function. Whether to fulfill a visual yearning or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an inventive method in the ancient world, which could be what attracts our focus today.

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, residents residing at higher elevations had to rely on local creeks for their water. During this period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of supplying water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to generate water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. While these manholes were created to make it less difficult to maintain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't provide a sufficient amount of water. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was in a position to fulfill his water desires.

How Garden Fountains Enhance Your Office Space Setting

Build business success with a garden fountain. A pretty one will make your office space feel comforting and welcoming. Business areas, as opposed to home environments, need to have outdoor fountains that make the place feel enticing and leave a positive impression on guests and employees.

It is vital to any business to get visitors and then also make a positive impression on them. Create a little bit of nature in small outdoor spaces by putting in appealing garden water fountains, beautiful trees and bushes, and other attractive landscaping. Even larger, more eye-catching garden displays can be set up in corporate areas that have more open space available. That said, there are plenty that only have space for a small display with which to create an impressive and lasting statement.

It all boils down to the need to bring in new customers and make an immediate positive impression. Setting up an alluring garden fountain can be your secret weapon to acquiring new customers.

California's Outdoor Fountain Analysis and Results

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a law. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage a lot more people to go with healthier options, such as water. Efforts were made to find out the status of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The research utilized a GPS app to collect data on present water fountains in the city. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial issues that impacted the city. The two data sets were reviewed to ascertain what class variances, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. They were in a position to uncover the demographics of regions surrounding existing fountains, as well as the cleanliness and upkeep of fountains across different neighborhoods. Many of the water fountains were dirty or blocked, in spite of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

The Best Way to Incorporate the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Backyard

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can bring energy into your home.

Size is not the most important consideration when adding feng shui design to your garden. A huge space is great for those privileged enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your house can be used in the garden.

Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to begin by understanding the bagua of the house.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should learn how to utilize each of them to maximize the energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be incorporated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal growth energy. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Think about incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Outdoor Elegance: Garden Water fountains

Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to place them close to a wall. Nowadays, you can do away with digging, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. Plumbing is no longer a necessity since this feature in now self-contained. Do not forget, however, to put in water at regular intervals. Your pond and the proximate area are certain to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and fill it with clean water.

The most utilized materials employed to construct garden wall fountains are stone and metal, even though they can be made out of many other elements. The style you are looking for determines which material is best suited to meet your needs. It is important to buy hand-crafted, light garden wall features which are also easy to put up. In addition, be certain to purchase a fountain which necessitates minimal upkeep. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of work to install since the only two parts which demand scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware. You can easily perk up your outdoor area with these types of fountains.


Greece: Cultural Statues
Sculptors garnished the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than... read more
Where did Fountains Begin?
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities. read more
Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings
Contemporary fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events. read more
The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The expertise of the... read more
Keeping Your Landscape Fountain Clean
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you... read more
The Dazzling Cascade Water Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth
The Cascade garden fountain forms an spectacular garden focal point at the rear of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps in a... read more