The Extraordinary Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

p-759__67970.jpg Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it hard to visit. Since the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of a project to refurbish the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. The task of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. Medallions bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

Characteristics of Garden Sculpture in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the greater part of the statues. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and naked. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an amazing time of transformation for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, created novel expressions of art, and gained information of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Battles like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars among city-states are suggestive of the disruptive nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall fountain

Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to install them close to a wall. Nowadays, you can eliminate digging, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained nature, this feature no longer requires plumbing work. Adding water on a regular } basis is necessary, however. Your pond and the nearby area are certain to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and replace it with clean water.

Stone and metal are most common elements used to make garden wall fountains even though they can be manufactured from other materials as well. The design you are looking for dictates which material is most appropriate to meet your wishes.

The best styles for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, simple to put up and not too big to hang. Having a water feature which requires minimal maintenance is important as well. In general, most installations are straight forward since the only pieces which may require examination are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can rest assured your garden can be easily juiced up by installing this kind of fountain.

The Life-Altering Effects of Water Fountains

The movement and sound of water emitted from a fountain have two health benefits: cleaning the air and proving a place of relaxation and tranquility, both of which will improve your quality of life.

You might not even be aware of the degree to which a water fountain, whether inside or outside, will improve your daily life. People around the world are compelled to go to coastal cities and large bodies of water, most likely influenced by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. While you could invest in an extravagant beach house or plunge into the ocean every day to experience the benefits of water, getting a water feature is much easier and less costly!

The addition of an outdoor garden fountain to any porch, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. Outdoor water elements can further elevate even the most enchanting space. If you have a screened porch, think about installing one there, or if not, then on the exterior wall above your patio. Make your flower garden an oasis of tranquility by adding a beautiful tiered model. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to unmoving water, signifies that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for fresher water for wild birds. Add the ultimate touch with the tranquil sound of moving water in your garden.

Spruce up Your Garden with the Use of Feng Shui

Introduce feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your home.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not extremely important when introducing feng shui design to it. It is terrific to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can always introduce feng shui design.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your home. The initial task is to know the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

It is also essential to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be incorporated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal development energy. A Zen garden with some pretty natural rocks is perfect for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

Consider introducing a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Simple Tips to Mount a Wall Fountain

Improve virtually any area with the addition of a wall fountain. Serenity and tranquility will fill the room due to the comforting sound of the waterfall. Entryways are common places for wall fountains, but they can also be hung in any common space. The best way to mount one depends on the style, but the standard procedure is the same. Bear in mind that different pieces will need to be put together during assembly. You should first attach the foundation to the upper part, then connect the pump and the tubing. The directions should be read first to make sure it is set up correctly. The assembly work is quite easy to grasp.

That said, there can be small differences depending on which style you have. Do not hesitate to get someone to assist you to position the wall fountain in the right spot while you make a little mark on the wall. To ensure it will be straight, get a level. It is suggested to mark both the bottom and the top positions. Your wall fountain can be installed in one of two ways. You will see slots on the back side of the wall fountain which can be hung directly onto the screws. Another method is to place it on brackets you have secured to the wall. The second option is better suited, particularly for larger wall fountains. Decide where the brackets need to be placed and mark the wall as required. Bore pilot holes in the wall where you need to place the drywall anchors. Put the anchors in the wall using a hammer. Attach the brackets by ensuring they are straight and then screwing them into the wall using a drill or screwdriver. The wall fountain is ready to be fitted onto the brackets. Check to be certain it is both secure and level. When you are certain the unit is stable, fill with water. Use sufficient water so that the pump is entirely submerged. It is now time to plug it in and watch the water circulate. Carefully add more water until it comes within an inch of the top of the basin.

Never fill the basin all the way to the top or it will overflow anytime the pump is not on. The water level will rise because it all settles at the bottom of the basin if not getting pumped. If the fountain is overly full, water can spill out and cause damage to the nearby area.

Tips for Installing an Outdoor Fountain

Two things many people ignore when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a convenient water source and an electrical outlet in close proximity. The delight of owning one occasionally causes people to overlook the technical aspects when setting it up for the first time. If you need an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as standard power cords are only 12 feet long. Set up your fountain in a place near a water source as you will need to refill it. Hauling water is difficult and laborious. The simplest way to fill the fountain is with a nearby water hose. A water fountain autofill is yet another solution, but will call for the help of someone who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.


The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Technology
Throughout the European countries, the chief means of spreading practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the published papers... read more
The Original Garden Fountain Artists
Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist,... read more
The Father Of Rome's Fountain Design
In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous water features. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and produced... read more
Architectural Sculpture in Ancient Greece
Sculptors adorned the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as... read more
The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture
The Archaic Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks... read more