The Minoan Culture: Garden Fountains

02254__48663.jpg During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, many varieties of channels have been detected. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were for the most part constructed from terracotta or stone. Terracotta was used for channels and conduits, both rectangular and circular. These consisted of cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes that were exclusive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipelines were laid below the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and utilized to circulate water. The water pipes also had other uses including collecting water and directing it to a main location for storage. Hence, these piping had to be effective to: Underground Water Transportation: At first this particular technique would seem to have been created not for comfort but to provide water to certain individuals or rites without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also proof that suggests the pipes being employed to feed water features separately of the domestic system.

The Most Current Addition to the Chatsworth Gardens: Revelation Fountain

“Revelation,” the newest acquisition to the ornamental garden fountains of Chatsworth, was designed by recognized British sculptor Angela Conner. In 2004/2005 she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in brass and steel, for the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. In 1999 Revelation was placed in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds. It takes the shape of four large petals crafted of steel which open and close with the water movement, alternately camouflaging and revealing a golden globe at the sculpture’s center. A steel globe painted with gold dust was included into the sculpture, which rests five meters in height and five meters in width. This newest water fountain is an exciting and interesting addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the motion of the petals is totally driven by water.

Aspects of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks provided the first freestanding sculpture, a remarkable success, carvings had chiefly been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to appear stiff and always had foot forward; the males were vigorous, powerful, and nude. The kouroi grew to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. A substantial age of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about new forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are indicatory of the disruptive nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Public Drinking Fountains in Berkley, California

In February 2014, a levy on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a regulation. The objective is to have everyone drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from other racial or economic backgrounds had reduced availability to them.

Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were assembled using a GPS created exclusively for the research. Analysts then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial elements that influenced the city. The 2 data sets were compared to identify what class variances, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. The surrounding demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while additionally deciding whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Most of the water fountains were filthy or plugged, despite the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Pondless Water Fountains: Some of the Plusses of Having one in your Backyard

There are two terms for this kind of fountain: “disappearing” and “pondless”. The water comes from a covered source, hence the name. Disappearing fountains add tranquil sound effects and striking visuals to any place where people gather. There are many types of them including millstones, ceramic urns, granite columns, and natural-looking waterfalls.

There are many reasons to think about choosing a disappearing fountain. Since the water source is underground, there is no surface water to pose a risk to those around it. That said, you will not have to stress out about the safety of your children. Moreover, you will not need to be concerned about losing water to evaporation since it is stored below ground. This means you will waste less water than if you had another style of fountain. The water source will remain clean and free of dirt since it is underground and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to spend a lot of time cleaning it.

Lastly, it is simpler to find a place for it because of its small size.

The First Water Fountains

As initially developed, fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have influenced travelers from all over the planet throughout the centuries. If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the initial fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were actually used. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain. Located near aqueducts or springs, the practical public water fountains supplied the local residents with fresh drinking water. The people of Rome began creating elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or stone masks of animals and mythological representations. Water for the community fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Commonplace Fountains Seen in Japanese Gardens

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical cleaning, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very basic because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, collects the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. People generally make them seem weathered and worn, even when they are new. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they position plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. As you can likely surmise, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements.

Over the years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss blankets the stone.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Popular water feature additions are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a wandering brook.

Japanese fountains, however, do not really need to have water in them. It is okay to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The impression of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.


Modern Water Fountains And Obesity
Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The aim is to have everyone drinking more water and... read more
California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Study and Results
The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The aim is to have individuals drinking more... read more
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How Garden Fountains Enhance Your Workplace Environment
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A Water Element Your Kitty Can Appreciate
If you put one in, you can rest easy knowing your cat has easy access to water. You can choose one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many unique versions. There are fountains that always have continual flowing... read more
How to Choose the Ideal Place for Your Water Fountain
Anywhere people gather to sit and take in the fresh air is great for another option, a garden sculpture style. read more