Outdoor Fountains And Public Health

s-334__97567.jpg The 1st US city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage a lot more people to select healthier options, such as water. Attempts were made to find out the status of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Using content collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to establish the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. Researchers then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial issues that affected the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were in a position to identify whether access to working fountains was class reliant. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were reviewed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance exhibited any relationship to income, race, or other factors. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Prevalence of Water Features in Japanese Gardens

A water element is an essential part of any Japanese garden. They tend to be placed right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are regarded as being representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is supposed to be the focal point of a fountain, you will find that the designs are kept very simple.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often incorporated into water fountains. Under the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout.

It must have a worn-down, weathered feel as well. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Obviously, this fountain is something more than just a simple decoration.

An alternate possibility is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. After some years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss covers the stone.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, out in a much bigger water feature. Lots of people add a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is appropriate to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of moving water.

Modern Garden Decor: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages.

Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the artist. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The History of the Splendid Cascade Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

At the rear of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden water fountain creates a spectacular centerpiece to the gardens. Twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps in a series extend 200 yards in the direction of the residence and all the way down the hillside. Completely gravity fed, the Cascade too is modeled on a 17th century French concept. Created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has remained unmodified ever since. At the top of the fountain, from which water flows downward, is the Cascade House. The dwelling, adorned on the exterior with sea creatures in bas-relief, is a small construction. Before proceeding down the Cascade, on important occasions water pressure to the Cascade may be boosted, causing the Cascade House to become an element of the Cascade spectacle, as water passes through conduits on its roof and originating from the jaws of its carved ocean creatures. The music of the water falling varies as it descends down the Cascades, providing a great and comforting accompaniment to a walk through the gardens and produced by the slight difference of every step. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water feature in England.

The Positives of Water Fountains to Your Well-Being

Outdoor fountains are ideal additions to any home because they contribute so manybenefits such as healthier air quality, and captivating sights and sounds. They will make you happier, healthier and give you a great spot to gather with people you care about. In the end though, you will quite possibly discover certain benefits your fountain will provide only to you. You just might be reminded of a fun vacation or trip you took. Perhaps, it makes you think back to a certain person from your past. You might choose to turn it into a memorial to a loved one. Whatever it brings to your life, you will undoubtedly enjoy it for a long time.

How Mechanical Concepts of Water Fountains Spread

Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the printed documents and illustrated books of the time. A globally celebrated innovator in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French water fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book which became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. Explaining modern hydraulic technologies, the book also updated critical hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. Sunlight heating water in a couple of containers hidden in a room next to an ornamental fountain was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is triggered by the hot water expanding and rising up the pipelines. Models for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also covered in the book.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Machine

Though the machine developed by Agrippa for lifting water gained the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to disappear not long thereafter. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, began providing the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer a great deal use for the equipment. Its usage could very well have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation maintained a significant place in history as the most impressive water-lifting hardware of its kind in Italy prior to the modern era.

There might have been other spectacular water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, including fountains which played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water demonstrations, but none were powered by water that defied the force of gravity.


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