Water Fountains: Pets, Flying Friends and You

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a natural way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, bathing, and preening are some of the things birds need to do. There are some birds, such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are drawn to fountains because of the moving water. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be uninteresting to many birds, fountains are more enticing because of the moving water they generate. p-602-p-603__21786.jpg Birds are highly attracted to the trickling and splashing sounds produced.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide another source of water. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for clean water. Also, routinely coursing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

Alluring Water Features for Kitty Cats

Whenever your cat hears water flowing in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he reach into the toilet or check the water in his bowl before sticking his face in it? Odd as these behaviors sound, they actually show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water. In fact, they do not posses a strong natural tendency to hydrate.

In the wild, cats ingest meat full of moisture which keeps them sufficiently hydrated. Therefore, felines never developed the drive to drink water. Nevertheless, cats which do not hunt in the wild need adequate hydration, so you need to be sure they have an adequate amount. To maintain a healthy water supply for your pet, get it a cat fountain.

Unlimited clean water will continually be available to your pet if you install one. You can choose one you know your cat will enjoy since they come in so many different versions. One type of fountain has continually flowing water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is repeatedly refilled when the bowl is empty.

Inventors of the First Water Features

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a inspiring genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an innovator and scientific expert. He systematically reported his examinations in his now famed notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the properties and motion of water.

Combining creativity with hydraulic and landscaping mastery, early Italian fountain designers changed private villa settings into ingenious water exhibits loaded with emblematic meaning and natural charm. The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Other fountain developers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the various mansions in the vicinity of Florence, were well-versed in humanist subjects and time-honored scientific readings.

Where are the World’s Tallest Water Showpieces?

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the United States.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, commenced supplying the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had depended on natural springs up until then. During this period, there were only two other innovations capable of delivering water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Through its original building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had constructed on his property to gather rainwater. To give himself with a more efficient way to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened up, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worth Viewing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it hard to visit.

The part of town where it was located was depressing and bleak which was enough to keep visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. The work of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals bearing the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

Spreading useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. A globally renowned leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By developing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features, he began his occupation in Italy by earning imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book which turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his life in France. The book modified key hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as describing contemporary hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanized means of transferring water. Sunlight warming water in a pair of containers concealed in a room next to an decorative fountain was displayed in one illustration. The heated water expands and subsequently rises and closes the water pipes consequently triggering the water fountain. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature designs are incorporated in the book.


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