"Primitive" Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

The first freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and naked. Around 650 BC, life-size variations of the kouroi began to be seen. 50024plbz__07215.jpg The Archaic period was an extraordinary time of transformation for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, produced unique expressions of art, and attained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian conflicts, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are good examples of the types of battles that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

The Beneficial Effects of Fountains on Your Cherished Pets and Flying Visitors

Wildlife and pets are by nature drawn to bird feeders and water fountains. All birds need somewhere to drink, bathe and preen. There are some birds, such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are interested in fountains because of the moving water. Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Trickling fountains that splash around are audible from a distance, attracting even more birds.

As dog owners will agree these outdoor fountains are a great water source for the four-legged creatures. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for refreshing water during hot temperatures. Also, regularly coursing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

The Original Water Fountain Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as an imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific expert.

He methodically registered his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and landscaping mastery, early Italian water fountain engineers changed private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits full of emblematic implications and natural beauty. The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water jokes for the numerous mansions near Florence, other water fountain designers were well versed in humanist issues as well as ancient scientific texts.

The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century considerably transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures built in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of farming. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most unscathed example we have. The keep is rumored to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

How to Create the Perfect Haven Inside or Out

To attain the maximum feeling of tranquility and harmony, be sure to include a feng shui fountain. A garden or home waterfall is the most effective option. It will undoubtedly contribute a lot to the interior and exterior of your house. So that you can enjoy your outdoor fountain from inside as well, pick a good spot for it.

Plants and flowers are also important for the most gorgeous water fountains. Plants and flowers that bloom in different seasons make the ideal accompaniment.

Pretty rocks, statues, or a fireplace are also nice additions.

The World’s Most Impressive Water Showpieces

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Coming in 2nd is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. The fountain propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Your Garden Water fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service

Setting up an outdoor wall fountain demands that you bear in mind the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. A strong wall is definitely needed to hold up its overall weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight feature is going to be more suitable. An electrical socket close to the fountain is needed to power the fountain. Most outdoor wall fountains include simple, step-by-step instructions according to the type of fountain.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the needed information to install it correctly.

The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. If the size is average, the basin can be concealed amongst your garden plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is needed is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

It is necessary to replenish the water regularly so that it stays clean. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as swiftly as possible. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter temperatures is vital. Your pump may break when exposed to freezing water during the wintertime, so it is best to bring it indoors to prevent any damage. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper servicing and cleaning.


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