A Concise History of Public Fountains

Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to convey water from rivers or springs to towns and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity alone, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the surrounding hills. Inspirational and impressive, large water fountains have been crafted as monuments in many civilizations. If you saw the 1st fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Basic stone basins created from nearby stone were the first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. su1860_6__22688.jpg Natural stone basins are thought to have been first made use of around 2000 BC. Gravity was the power source that controlled the earliest water fountains. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, waterways, or rivers. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 B.C.. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that provided the water for the countless fountains that were placed throughout the urban center.

Water Fountains Where Your Kitty Can Play Around

When your cat hears water flowing in the kitchen, does he come running? Does he sip water from the toilet or feel the water in his bowl before drinking it? Strange as these behaviors sound, they really show a cat’s natural instinct to avoid still standing water.

Generally, they do not drink water that is not moving.

Out in nature, cats eat meat full of moisture which keeps them adequately hydrated. This tendency eliminated any impulse felines had to find additional water to consume. Owner's of a household cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get plenty of water because it is an essential part of their overall health. Make water easily attainable to your cat by putting in a cat fountain.

Unlimited clean water will continually be available to your pet if you get one. There are countless different styles of fountains so you can buy one that your cat really likes. There are fountains that always have nonstop flowing fresh water while others have a bowl which refills as your cat drinks from it.

Modern Water Fountains And Public Health

The first implementation of a sugary drinks tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The tax is intended to reduce sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. First, the city conducted research to assess whether citizens had proper access to working drinking water fountains. Using information gathered by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to identify the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. The 2 data sets were reviewed to identify what class disparities, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The neighboring demographics of each and every water fountain location was made note of, while also identifying whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each fountain. Some of the water fountains were filthy or clogged, in spite of the fact that a lot of fountains worked.

Wall Fountains: What Design Alternative is Better for Your Chosen Space?

A great solution for areas that do not have a lot of space available is a garden wall fountain.

They are beautiful and simple to put up, and you do not need much space. There are so many different price ranges and models so that everyone can find their ideal fit. There is also a variety of colors and shapes on the market. Many people choose these charming water fountains because they add so much charm to their outdoor walls. It is also possible to buy more than one fountain for an interesting waterfall sound if you have enough space on your wall.

Garden fountains come in a vast range of options from which to choose. Two of the principal things to be established are which style to purchase and where to install it.

Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks built the very first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, statues of adolescent, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the sculptures. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. During the Archaic time, a big time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a better understanding of people and cultures outside Greece. During this time and other times of historic tumult, encounters often occurred, among them wars fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan invasion of Samos.

How Technical Designs And Styles of Outdoor Spread

Spreading useful hydraulic knowledge and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. An un-named French water fountain engineer was an internationally famed hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. By designing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features, he began his profession in Italy by earning Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored towards the end of his lifetime in France, turned out to be the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries were detailed as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the publication. The water screw, a mechanical means to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Sunlight heating liquid in a couple of containers hidden in a room adjacent to an beautiful water fountain was shown in one illustration. What occurs is the heated liquid expanded, rises and closes up the conduits heading to the water fountain, consequently leading to activation.

Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature designs are included in the publication.

Everything You Want to Know Regarding Container Herb Gardens

An ideal herb garden can be made in a container. Those drawn to the kitchen or garden will find themselves attracted to the area of herbs. Growing herbs is simple and simple, and easily pay off given that they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. An herb garden is simple to maintain once it is growing, and once autumn starts to freeze, planter gardens and potted herbs can easily be relocated - so they will last all winter long. Some herbs will be ready to harvest earlier than others due to their varied growth rates. Patience is required for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Even though results might not be noticeable straight away, it is important to continue taking care of an herb garden as it takes time.

Remarkably one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were merely terraced rooftop gardens. These waterproof rooftop gardens were planned to be created all-around a mammoth stone underpinning that would encircle the massive storage rooms underneath. Water reached the terraces by using hydraulic devices and the soil was deep enough to grow trees with efficiency. The plants that were favored were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.


The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated publications of the time, which... read more
Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Culture
On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of multiple types. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and... read more
Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various varieties of channels have been uncovered. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were for the most part constructed... read more
Architectural Statuary in Ancient Greece
Sculptors adorned the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at... read more
Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece
Up until the Archaic Greeks provided the 1st freestanding sculpture, a remarkable triumph, carvings had primarily been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, sculptures of young,... read more
A Solar Powered Garden Wall Fountain
Less maintenance is a result of adding this kind of fountain. Clogs don't occur because there is no motor - which leads to less cleaning. Which... read more