Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worthy of Seeing

ft_136_full_shot__68151.jpg Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of heathen and Christian artifacts on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and uninviting which was enough to keep visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Architectural Statuary in Old Greece

Sculptors garnished the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it became more standard for sculptors be paid to portray everyday people as well. Rich families would sometimes commission a rendition of their ancestors for their big familial tombs; portraiture additionally became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. During the the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms greatly improved, so it is inaccurate to think that the arts served merely one purpose. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the cause was religious fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its modern quality may be what endears it to us today.

Install and Enjoy Your Private Pond Fountain

When someone mentions fountains, you typically think of the great sculptured ones found in parks, in front of hotels, etc. However, they can really fit any environment, as they can be made in just about any shape, size, and design. A pond fountain can be a wonderful add-on to your own yard.

Two key benefits can result from installing one of your own.

To begin with, fountains add beauty and help everyone chill out. The sound of the water moving combined with the lovely appearance is perfect to finish off a tough day. A bit of luxury and charm will also be added to the ambiance. Additionally, when you have visitors over, they will want to hang out around your gorgeous fountain, making your get-togethers even more interesting.

The second reason for a water feature is to guarantee a healthy environment for the fish in your pond. Since it keeps the water circulating continuously, it helps to increase the oxygen level in the pond to the advantage of your fish. The better-oxygenated and constantly circulating water will ensure your fish are alive for a long time. You should see heartier flowers too.

The Allure of Tiered Water Features

Fountains with multiple levels can be found just about anywhere and have been featured in gardens for ages. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have many multi-level fountains. The courtyards of buildings and communal areas are just a couple the areas you might find one. Tiered fountains come in a wide range of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively plain types.

Any area can be embellished with one, even though a more conventional setting is sometimes more suitable. The fountain should blend right into the setting as if it has been there since the beginning.

Visit the World’s Tallest Water Works

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. The water reaches the amazing height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

Next is the fountain found in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded music and propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Problems

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local creeks for their water. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing systems of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the emerging technique of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel.

During the some 9 years he owned the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially established for the goal of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. The cistern he had constructed to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water specifications. By using an opening to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was able to meet his water wants.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

Sadly, Agrippa’s amazing design for raising water wasn’t discussed a great deal following 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it widely. Just years later, in 1592, the earliest contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was connected to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the product outdated. In reality it was perhaps merely abandoned when Ferdinando returned to Florence in 1588 following the passing away of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his position as a cardinal to safeguard his position as the upcoming Grand Duke of Tuscany. There may have been different significant water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the later part of the sixteenth century, like fountains which played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water displays, but none of them were powered by water that defied gravity.


Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism
Sadly, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water was not cited much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it widely. Only years afterward, in 1592, the early modern Roman conduit, the Acqua... read more
Architectural Sculpture in Early Greece
Traditionally, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the period came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to ... read more
Where are the World’s Tallest Water Displays?
Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet). read more
Outdoor Fountains: Celebrate the Life of Someone you Loved
People you have lost can be memorialized in a nice loving manner with garden fountains. Success and a good life lived can be remembered with the flowing water, which is a figurative... read more