An Absolute Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. p_547__29617.jpg Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and desolate part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Original Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who resided on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. Throughout this time period, there were only two other technologies capable of offering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the very early 16th century, the city began to utilize the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. All through the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. While these manholes were provided to make it simpler and easier to conserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was set to satisfy his water demands.

What Water Elements Contribute to Your Life

Not only do outdoor fountains add beauty to any setting, they also provide pleasant sounds and cleaner air. Along with the many health benefits they provide, they also create an ambiance which your friends and family will enjoy. In the end though, you will probably enjoy certain benefits your fountain will give only to you. Maybe it takes you back to a particular place you once visited. It might bring back memories of that special person. You could choose to make it into a memorial to a loved one.

Whatever the case, it is something you will enjoy for many years to come.

A Water Feature Your Cat Will Enjoy

Does your cat like to hop onto the counter when he hears the tap? Does he inspect the water in his bowl with his paw or drink from the toilet? Cats tend to prefer water that is moving, as this behavior demonstrates. Generally, they do not drink standing water.

Undomesticated cats get adequate moisture from the meat they consume. For this reason, an intuitive need for water never developed in felines. Pet cats, however, count on you for their water, as they do not get the essential hydration from their meals. With a cat fountain, you know your cat has enough water available.

Having one will ensure your cat has plenty of water at hand whenever it wants to drink. Fountains come in many shapes and sizes, so be sure to buy one that best fits the needs of your cat. One type of fountain has regularly moving water for maximum freshness whereas others have water which is automatically refilled when the bowl is empty.

Fountains: A Fascination for Your Pets and Visiting Birds

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a healthy way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, bathing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually attracted to the flowing water of fountains. Birds are often drawn to outdoor fountains because of their moving water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths.

Birds hear the trickling and splashing and are even more likely to come around.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they offer fresh water to drink. Hot days drive dogs and cats to anxiously look for the freshest water nearby. Because water in fountains is consistently moving, they do not need much cleaning, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more attention.

Commonplace Water Elements Seen in Japanese Gardens

A water element is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very basic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

You will also notice many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. Below the bamboo spout is typically a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout.

In addition, it is vital to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are commonly put in place around a fountain so that it seems more in line with nature. Clearly this fountain is much more than merely a beautiful add-on.

If you are searching for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain made of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. In time, as moss progressively covers the stones, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Anyone who has an extensive space to work with can, of course, out in a much larger water feature. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a small stream as a final touch.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Good alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to produce the illusion of flowing water.

Landscape Elegance: Garden Water fountains

Nowadays you can just place your garden water fountain against a wall since they no longer need to be hooked to a pond. Due to the myriad options available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this feature no longer requires plumbing work. All the same, water must be added consistently. Remove the water from the basin and place clean water in its place when you see that the space is unclean.

Outdoor wall features come in lots of different materials, but they are normally made of stone and metal.

Knowing the style you wish for indicates the best material to use. The best styles for your garden wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, easy to put up and not too big to hang. Buying a water feature which requires little maintenance is important as well. Generally, most installations are straight forward because the only parts which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. It is very simple to liven up your garden with these kinds of fountains.


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