Rome’s First Water Delivery Solutions

twf005__50887.jpg Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who resided on hills had to go even further down to collect their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to areas of greater elevation. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to provide water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were provided to make it simpler and easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t provide enough water. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Where are the Planet's Most Grandiose Water Displays?

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. The fountain shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

The Famous Revelation Water Fountain at Chatsworth Gardens

Designed by popular English sculptor Angela Conner, "Revelation" is the newest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental outdoor fountains. She was mandated by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. “Revelation” was installed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s first ponds. Alternatively hiding and exposing a golden globe at the sculpture’s heart, the steel water feature takes on the shape of four large flower petals which open and close with the circulation of water. The sculpture’s dimensions are five meters in height by five meters in width and features a metallic globe coated with gold dust. This most recent water fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the movement of the petals is completely powered by water.

The Far-Reaching Advantages of Water Elements

Your quality of life will be favorably influenced by a fountain as it not only provides you a place of tranquility and calm, but also serves to clean the air.

You might not even be aware of the degree to which a water fountain, whether inside or outside, will complement your daily life. People around the world flock to coastal cities and major bodies of water, most likely motivated by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. While there are many luxurious ways to incorporate the benefits of water into your daily life (like investing in a beach house!), a much more convenient solution is to put a water feature in your home.

Your patio, porch, or back yard can be improved by setting up an outdoor garden fountain. However lovely it already is, your spot will be even more gorgeous if you add an outdoor water element from the wide variety available. It can be a wonderful addition to the wall of your enclosed porch or outside above the veranda. Add elegance and the lovely sound of babbling water to your flower bed with a tiered model. The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to unmoving water, signifies that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for fresher water for wild birds. Add the ultimate touch with the enticing sound of moving water in your garden.

Your Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service

An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to install it. It will need a strong wall to support its overall weight. Also keep in mind that smaller areas or walls will require a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical plug in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Most outdoor wall fountains come with simple, step-by-step instructions according to the type of fountain.

The typical outdoor wall fountain is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it.

The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is needed is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

It is vital to replenish the water routinely so that it stays clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are types of rubbish which should be cleared away quickly. Protecting your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter temperatures is essential. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, move your pump indoors. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great addition to your garden if you keep it well cared for and well maintained.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Fountains

Various different kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological digs on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms. They were commonly created from terracotta or stone. There were clay conduits, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as canals made from the same components.

There are two examples of Minoan clay pipes, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape that haven’t been caught in any culture ever since. The water availability at Knossos Palace was handled with a strategy of terracotta pipes that was located under the floor, at depths varying from a couple of centimeters to many meters. These Minoan pipelines were also used for gathering and stocking water, not just circulation. To make this feasible, the conduits had to be fashioned to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really known why the Minoans needed to transport water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: Some historians think that these pipelines were employed to create a different distribution technique for the palace.

Tips for Your Ideal Refuge Inside or Out

To attain the maximum sense of peace and harmony, be sure to include a feng shui fountain. Installing a garden or home waterfall is an easy means to make this happen. It will undoubtedly add a lot to the interior and exterior of your home. So that you can see your outdoor fountain from inside the house as well, choose a good spot for it.

The most attractive water fountains incorporate flowers and plants. Look for plant types that flourish all year long. Beautiful stones, sculptures, or a fireplace are also nice additions.


Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of numerous sorts. They not only aided with the water sources, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. Virtually all were made from terracotta or rock. ... read more
Your Water Wall Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service
Replace the water regularly so it is always clean. Debris such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. Protecting your outdoor wall fountain from the freezing winter climate is vital. Your pump may crack when subjected to freezing water... read more
Directions for Hanging a Wall Fountain
The other option is to place it on brackets you have secured to the wall. The bracket alternative is best, particularly for wall fountains that are big and bulky. Decide where... read more