Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Rome, citizens who resided on hills had to go further down to gather their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies available at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. a-337__06114.jpg Whilst these manholes were created to make it much easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to collect rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his property, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statuary

Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. The kouroi, regarded by the Greeks to represent beauty, had one foot extended out of a rigid forward-facing posture and the male figurines were always unclothed, with a powerful, sturdy shape. Around 650 BC, life-size forms of the kouroi began to be observed. A massive age of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about new forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a higher appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the conflicts, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

Free Water Fountains in and Around Berkley, California

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a regulation. The objective is to get people drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted research to assess whether people had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Using data amassed by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to establish the state of existing water fountains in Berkley. This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database.

The two data sets were reviewed to figure out what class variances, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. The surrounding demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while also ensuring whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each fountain. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an escalating quantity were found to be in a poor state of repairs.

Typical Water Features Found in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is finished without a water element. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simplistic because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Many people also get a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically constructed of natural stones, and water trickles out. People typically make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. People want their fountain to seem as natural as possible, so they position plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. As you can perhaps guess, this fountain is symbolic rather than just decorative.

An alternate approach is to get a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. The point is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the surroundings, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Wherever there is plenty of open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Popular water feature additions are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a meandering brook.

However, water does not need to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain. Good alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water.

You can also assemble flat stones and position them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Relish the Unique Design of the Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth Garden

Forming a spectacular centerpiece to the landscape at the back of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps in a series extend 200 yards towards the house and down the hillside. Based mostly on a 17th century French concept, the Cascade is also completely gravity fed. Remaining unaltered since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House rests at the top of the fountain where water flows downward. A small building, the house is decorated on the outside with marine creatures in bas-relief. Leading to the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade spectacle, on important occasions water pressure to the Cascade can easily be boosted, as water flows through ducts on its roof and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, before continuing down the Cascade. Creating a great and soothing complement to a stroll through the gardens, the minor difference in size of each step signifies that the sound of the water falling down differs as it falls along the Cascades. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as the UK'sbest water fountain.

Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be pepped up with an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your health can be favorably impacted by including this type of indoor feature in your home. Science supports the theory that water fountains are excellent for you. The negative ions released by water features are countered by the positive ions emitted by today’s conveniences. Indisputable favorable changes in mental and physical health emerge when negative ions overpower positive ions. They also raise serotonin levels, so you start to feel more alert, relaxed and revitalized. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to elevate your mood and eliminate air pollutants.

They also help to reduce allergies, contaminants as well as other types of irritants. And finally, water fountains are excellent at absorbing dust and microbes floating in the air and as a result in bettering your general health.

Outdoor Water Fountains: Celebrate the Life of Someone you Cherished

Garden fountains make ideal and unique memorials. These days people no longer adhere to outdated traditions. Nonetheless, it is still popular to commemorate the deceased. Some memorials might incorporate a number of personal things. They come in many shapes and sizes, and backyard garden fountains are really widespread. Including photographs, planting a tree or flowers, attaching a customized plaque, or holding a vigil at the fountain to pay tribute are ways you can make it more personal.

Honoring those who have passed is simple with a garden fountain. Prosperity, achievement, and good fortune all are represented by the flowing water which celebrates the memory of the deceased. It is highly worthwhile to choose a high quality, sturdy garden fountain that is resistant to bad weather so that it will last a very long time. Once you do the work to set up the garden fountain memorial, you will want to make sure it will last.


Classic Greece: The Beginnings of Garden Statue Design
In the past, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the period came to a close it became more... read more
Water Fountains: Fundamental in any Japanese Landscapes
You can also gather flat stones and position them close enough together that they look like water in motion. read more
How Many Styles of Backyard Water Features Can I Choose From?
A water fountain can significantly transform the aesthetics of a garden. It will change a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. You are not the only one who will ... read more