Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges

brk-303-3__34127.jpg Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started off delivering the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up till then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques around at the time to supply water to spots of greater elevation. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. While these manholes were manufactured to make it less difficult to maintain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to meet his needs. To provide himself with a more practical way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, California

Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water. First, the city conducted research to examine whether people had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Through information collected by a mobile GPS app, researchers were able to establish the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. This info was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic facts, they were able to ascertain whether access to working fountains was class dependent. They were in a position to determine the demographics of segments surrounding active fountains, as well as the cleanliness and upkeep of fountains across various communities. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

Keep Your Water Wall Fountain Tidy

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to work properly.

It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is important. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can appear. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be blended into the water to eliminate this issue. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can hurt birds or other animals.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should go through a good cleaning. The initial step is to empty out all of the water. Once it is empty, scrub inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Any soap residue left on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly recommended taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and get rid of any plankton or calcium. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to wash. Build-up can be a big headache, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

One final trick for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause serious damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Outdoor Elegance: Fountains

Having a pond near your garden water fountain is no longer required because they can now be placed on a wall near by. Nowadays, you can eliminate excavations, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. There is no plumbing work necessary with this type self-contained water feature.

Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Your pond should always have clean water, so be sure to drain the basin whenever it gets dirty.

Any number of materials can be used to build garden wall fountains, but stone and metal are the most frequently used. You must know the look you are shooting for in order to decide on the best material. It is best to shop for garden wall fountains which are uncomplicated to install, handmade and lightweight. Ensure that your water feature is manageable as far as maintenance is concerned. In general, most installations are straight forward since the only pieces which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. Little exertion is needed to enliven your garden with these types of water features.

Garden Fountains: The Myriad Designs From Which to Pick

A garden can be a little sanctuary, providing you a tranquil place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. There is nothing as lovely as one to chill out in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your home will be driven up when you install an eye-catching garden. There are many ways to enhance the visual charm of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

A water fountain can significantly alter the aesthetics of a garden. A place of balance and serenity will appear from what was at first just a simple spot. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming haven, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. All attention will now be focused on the beautiful fountain.

Disappearing Fountains: Some of the Plusses of Having one in your Garden

The other name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. The source of the water is not visible because it is underneath the surface of the ground. Disappearing fountains should be positioned near any place people hang out regularly, as they add so much to the surrounding area. It is not hard to find the style that is right for you, as there are so many to choose from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

Disappearing fountains also have many benefits.

There is no large pool of water that could pose a danger to anyone since the water comes from beneath the ground. That said, you will not have to worry about the well-being of your children. Moreover, no water will evaporate because it is not subjected to the open air. This type of fountain, therefore, is a good choice for regions where there is a need to reduce water consumption. The water source will remain clean and free of debris since it is below gound and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to waste a lot of time cleaning it. Finally, due to its reduced size, it is simpler to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution

Sadly, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water wasn’t mentioned much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it widely. Only years afterward, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, probably making the product obsolete. The more plausible explanation is that the device was abandoned when Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s siblingpassed away in 1588, leading him to give up his role as cardinal and go back to Florence where he accepted the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. It could go against gravitation to raise water to Renaissance gardens, feeding them in a way other late 16th century models like scenographic water displays, musical water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.


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