The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture

The Archaic Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Thought of by Greeks to characterize skin care, the kouroi were shaped into firm, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-built, and fit. In 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed. A substantial age of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about newer forms of state, expressions of art, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. ft_151__48029.jpg Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars involving city-states are suggestive of the disruptive nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Chatsworth Garden and its Stunning Cascading Water Feature

The Cascade garden fountain forms a spectacular main feature to the gardens and is situated at the rear of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps reach down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the house. Totally gravity fed, the Cascade too is founded on a 17th century French concept. This water fountain has continued unmodified after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water slowly flows downward. Sea creatures in bas-relief decorate the external part of the house which is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can easily be increased on special situations, causing the Cascade House to become an essential element of the Cascade display, as water flows through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved ocean creatures, prior to proceeding down the Cascade.

The sound of the water falling fluctuates as it falls down the Cascades mainly because of the minor variance in the size of each step thereby supplying a wonderful and calming accompaniment to a trek through the gardens. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as the UK'sbest water fountain.

Explore the World’s Most Incredible Water Features

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. The water here jets up to a elevation of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. Regarded as the tallest fountain in the United States, it propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded music and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally comes the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

Herb gardening is a topic that many gardeners are attracted to. They're amazingly painless to grow both indoors or outdoors, and provide instant gratification as you can use them in a variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Herbs are very easy to manage and often do not require daily care, but even better you can move these plants indoors with the pots to guarantee they are going to be able to survive the winter weather that is liable to be cold and deadly for all plants. Since perennial natural herbs do not die easily or need replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden. Over and above this, you should consider your personal taste inclinations when selecting herbs to flavor dishes.

Take into account the meals you desire when selecting which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to grow basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. You must determine where your herb garden will be placed in order to decide which herbs will grow best. It may be less complicated to plant right into the earth if you live in a place that has warmer winters and cooler summers. This is a fantastic way to spruce up your garden without having the discomfort of investing in or creating planters. There is practically nothing you can do to escape harsh weather conditions that might affect your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be transported indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and convenient for your herbs.

Pondless Fountains: Some of the Benefits of Having one in your Garden

There are two terms for this kind of fountain: “disappearing” and “pondless”. The origin of the water is not visible because it is beneath the surface of the ground. Disappearing fountains should be installed near any place people hang out often, as they add so much to the surrounding area.

They are available in a wide array of styles, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

A disappearing fountain could be the most suitable option for you for a number of reasons. Since the water source is underground, there is no surface water to pose a danger to those around it. For this reason, it poses no threat to children. Moreover, you will not need to worry about losing water to evaporation since it is stored below ground. This means you will lose less water than if you had another kind of fountain. The water source will remain clean and free of debris since it is below gound and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to waste a lot of time cleaning it. Finally, due to its more compact size, it is less difficult to install it where you want it than other types of fountains.

Water Features: An Invitation for Your Cherished Pets and Visiting Birds

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to delight in the natural presence of wildlife or pets. Birds need to have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. Robins, thrushes, orioles and warblers, though not attracted to bird feeders, are instead drawn to the movement of water created by fountains. Many birds prefer flowing water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more appealing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Birds are greatly attracted to the trickling and splashing music produced.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide drinking water. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for clean water during hot temperatures. Constantly moving water is also going to require much less cleaning than a still bowl of water from a birdbath, which collects debris.


How Technical Concepts of Outdoor Spread
Throughout the European countries, the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the published papers and illustrated books of the day, which added to the... read more
Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of numerous sorts. They not only aided with the water sources, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. Virtually all were made from... read more
From Where Did Large Outdoor Fountains Begin?
Modern fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events. read more
Environmentally Friendly Wall Water Fountains
These water features require less maintenance than other kinds. Since these do not work using an electric generator that could clog up with debris, they need little cleaning. And less... read more
Where are the World’s Most Impressive Water Elements?
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more
Fountains: An Invitation for Your Pets and Visiting Birds
As dog owners will concur these outdoor fountains are a great water source for the four-legged creatures. During hot months of summer, cats and dogs will be outside searching for the absolute freshest water around. Because water in... read more