A Concise History of Water Garden Fountains

Villages and communities depended on practical water fountains to conduct water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or creeks. In the days before electric power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby mountains. Fountains spanning history have been developed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the very first fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. c_077__27676.jpg The very first accepted water fountain was a stone basin created that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were used. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. These ancient fountains were created to be functional, commonly situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to provide drinking water. The people of Rome began building decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome provided water to the incredible public fountains, most of which you can go see today.

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Garden into Sanctuary

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can bring energy into your household.

Size is not the main factor when incorporating feng shui design to your yard. Of course, a large area is great if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller spaces as well.

The primary feng shui tools can be utilized for your home decor as well as your garden design. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start off by knowing the bagua of the house.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should learn how to utilize each of them to maximize the energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should have in the northeast part of your garden because that section of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water element is a suitable addition to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

Early Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly built from clay or rock. Terracotta was utilized for channels and pipes, both rectangular and round. There are two illustrations of Minoan terracotta conduits, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that haven’t been caught in any civilization since that time. Knossos Palace had a state-of-the-art plumbing network made of clay pipes which ran up to three meters under ground. The water pipes also had other uses such as amassing water and channeling it to a primary place for storage. To make this achievable, the pipes had to be tailored to handle: Below ground Water Transportation: Initially this system would seem to have been fashioned not quite for ease but rather to supply water to chosen individuals or rituals without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: Bearing in mind the proof, several historians advocate that these water lines were not attached to the popular water distribution system, providing the castle with water from a distinctive source.

The Marvelous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and bleak which was enough to keep people away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular.

August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s infrastructure began. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

With the construction of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies available at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they employed the emerging process of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. The aqueduct’s channel was made accessible by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first designed. During the roughly nine years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially built for the purpose of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had established on his property to collect rainwater. To provide himself with a more effective way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Advantages of Solar Powered Garden Fountains

Garden wall fountains can be fueled in a variety of different ways. The recent interest in alternative power has led to a rise in the usage of solar run fountains, even though till now they have primarily been powered by electricity. Even though starting costs may be higher, solar powered water fountains are the most economical going forward. Many different elements such as terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are ordinarily used in making solar powered water features. You should be able to find the right sort of fountain to meet your design requirements. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these types of fountains are ideal because they are easy to upkeep and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Beyond its visible charm, indoor wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a comfortable temperature. They cool your residence by utilizing the same principles used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. Since they eat up less energy, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

Fanning fresh, dry air across them is the most common method used to benefit from their cooling effect. Either your ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can be used to augment circulation. Regardless of the method you use, ensure the air is flowing over the top of the water in a consistent manner.

Cool, clean air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. Merely standing in the vicinity of a sizeable public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is nearby. Be sure to position your fountain cooling system where it will not be subjected to extra heat. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to generate cool air.

Delight in the Unique Design of the Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain creates a magnificent main feature to the gardens and is located at the rear of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards alongside the residence is a series of 24 irregularly positioned stone steps stretching down the hillside. The Cascade is based on a 17th century French design and is totally gravity fed as well. This water fountain has been kept unchanged after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. At the peak of the fountain, from which water runs downward, rests the Cascade House. The dwelling, embellished on the outside with underwater creatures in bas-relief, is actually a small-scale building. Water pressure to the Cascade can easily be boosted on certain situations, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade display, as water passes through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved sea creatures, prior to proceeding along the Cascade. The sound of the water cascading differs as it falls down the Cascades mainly because of the slight difference in the size of every single step thereby creating a fantastic and restful complement to a walk through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.


Garden Fountain Designers Through History
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative genius, inventor and... read more
Contemporary Statuary in Historic Greece
Even though most sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to represent common people as well because plenty of Greeks... read more
The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture
The Archaic Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the... read more
"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary
The primitive Greeks developed the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are... read more