The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Innovation

Dissiminating useful hydraulic information and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. An un-named French water feature designer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. His expertise in creating landscapes and grottoes with built-in and brilliant water features began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the end of his lifetime, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the primary text on hydraulic technology and engineering. brk-303-3__34127.jpg Updating key hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized method to push water, Archimedes devised the water screw, key among crucial hydraulic advancements. Sunlight heated the liquid in a pair of undetectable vessels adjacent to the decorative fountain were displayed in an illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently ascends and closes the pipes consequently triggering the fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond concepts are mentioned in the book.

Outdoor Fountains And Public Health

In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a law. By making soda more costly, it’s assumed that individuals will make better choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. The study utilized a GPS app to compile data on present water fountains in the city. Investigators then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial factors that affected the city. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of each and every water fountain location was made note of, while additionally determining whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found wanting, even if most were operating.

The Benefits of Solar Outdoor Garden Fountains

Your garden wall fountain can be powered by any number of power sources. The recent interest in eco-friendly power has led to a rise in the usage of solar run fountains, even though till now they have mainly been powered by electricity. Even though initial costs may be higher, solar powered water fountains are the most economical going forward. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar powered water fountains. Your decor dictates which type best suits you. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these kinds of fountains are ideal because they are easy to upkeep and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also serve to cool your home. They cool your residence by applying the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can lower your power bill since they consume less energy.

A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air across them so as to produce a cooling effect. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your living space or turn on your ceiling fan to better the circulation in the room It is essential to ensure that air is always blowing over the surface of the water. The cool, refreshing air produced by waterfalls and fountains is a natural occurrence. A big public fountain or a water fall will produce a sudden chill in the air. Your fountain cooling system should not be installed in a spot which is particularly hot. Your cooling system will be less effective if it is placed in direct sunlight.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxons felt great adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward constructs that enabled their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally placed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Relaxing pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most unchanged model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror.

An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants trying to dig under the castle walls. On 1 of these terraces lies a quaint bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Everything You Want to Know About Container Herb Landscapes

To make the optimal herb garden, try container gardening. Those attracted to the kitchen or garden will find themselves attracted to the field of herbs. These delightful plants are suited to any amateur gardener; they are immediately pleasing because they can easily be introduced to any recipe. A few minutes of attention every day is all that is required to maintain an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily taken inside once the fall nights begin to freeze, making it last all year long. Some herbs will be ready to harvest earlier than others due to their varying growth rates. Patience is required for herb gardening, just like any other interest. Do not expect to necessarily see results on the first or second day, but it is essential to care for an herb garden with precision as things will develop with time.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were merely terraced roofs full of plants. These waterproof rooftop gardens were proposed to be created around a massive stone underpinning that would surround the massive storage rooms below. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic systems and the terrace soil was deep enough to grow trees. The plants that were selected were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Early Water Supply Techniques in Rome

Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people residing at higher elevations had to rely on natural springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that flowed beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it much easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water specifications. To provide himself with a much more useful system to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened up, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings

The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to delivering drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to decorate their fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.


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Wall Water Features: An Array of Style Options
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