Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Appliance

brk-303-1__85451.jpg Regrettably, Agrippa’s excellent plan for raising water was not referred to much following 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it in public. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent channel, the Acqua Felice, set about providing the Villa Medici, there was no longer a great deal need for the unit. In truth it was probably merely forgotten when Ferdinando returned to Florence in 1588 after the demise of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his cardinalship in order to lock in his position as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. It might go against the force of gravity to lift water to Renaissance gardens, nourishing them in a way other late sixteenth century models such as scenographic water exhibits, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Begin?

The amazing or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it.

Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational activities.

Typical Water Features Seen in Japanese Gardens

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature.

Since Japanese water fountains are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. It is uncommon to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also notice many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. Underneath the bamboo spout is typically a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. It must have a worn-down, weathered feel as well. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people customarily decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Clearly this fountain is much more than merely a beautiful add-on.

An alternate possibility is to buy a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Eventually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, install a much larger water feature. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

However, water does not have to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain. Other alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water.

The semblance of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Tiered Water Features for your Yard

Gardens are common places to put up a tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable. The regions in the southern region of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. Public squares and building courtyards are very popular places where you will see tiered fountains. While some multi-level fountains have sophisticated designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very basic.

Although they can be located just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic settings. The fountain should seem as old as the rest of the space and blend in accordingly.

Greece: Cultural Sculpture

Even though the majority of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to embellish the detailed columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well mainly because plenty of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture became prevalent as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and on occasion wealthy families would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be placed inside their grand familial burial tombs. During the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms transformed, so it is incorrect to think that the arts delivered just one purpose. Whether to fulfill a visual desire or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an artistic approach in the ancient world, which may be what draws our focus currently.

The Earliest Fountains

The water from creeks and other sources was initially supplied to the occupants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, mandated the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, situated higher than the fountain. The beauty and wonder of fountains make them ideal for historic memorials. The common fountains of today bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the very first fountains were simple carved stone basins. Natural stone basins are theorized to have been first utilized around 2,000 BC. The earliest civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. These ancient water fountains were created to be functional, commonly situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to furnish drinking water. The Romans began constructing elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. The impressive aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the eye-catching public fountains, many of which you can go see today.

The Benefits of a Water Feature to Your Lifestyle

Your quality of life will be favorably influenced by a fountain as it not only offers you a place of tranquility and calm, but also serves to clean the air.

You might not even be aware of the degree to which a water fountain, whether inside or outside, will enhance your life. People around the world flock to coastal cities and big bodies of water, most likely driven by the fact that our bodies have a high water content. Water is vital for life, and a water feature can provide the benefits of water in a convenient and affordable way.

The installation of an outdoor garden fountain to any patio, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space.

You might be pleased how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more appealing with one of the many outdoor water elements on the market. It can be mounted on the exterior wall of your house above the patio, or even on the interior wall of a screened porch. Make your flower garden an oasis of serenity by adding a pretty tiered model. Birds love birdbath fountains because the cascading of the water ensures that it stays clean and does not build up bacteria and algae. Add the ultimate touch with the tranquil sound of moving water in your garden.


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