Original Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for their water. brk-303-1__85451.jpg Throughout this period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of offering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that flowed underground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Even though they were primarily manufactured to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he purchased the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Fountains: Pets, Visiting Birds and You

Wildlife and pets are naturally drawn to bird feeders and water fountains. The truth is that birds require water to: drink, bathe and preen. Birds including robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers like the flow of water from a fountain and are not necessarily drawn to bird feeders. While bowl-shaped bird baths can be dull to many birds, fountains are more inviting because of the moving water they generate. Trickling fountains that splash around are heard from far away, attracting even more birds.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide drinking water. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for fresh water. Also, regularly coursing water fountains require less maintenance than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

The Famous Revelation Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth

“Revelation,” the newest addition to the beautiful garden fountains of Chatsworth, was designed by renowned British sculptor Angela Conner. She was commissioned by the deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. “Revelation” was installed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s first ponds. The four large metallic petals open and close with the movement of water, alternately concealing and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center.

A gold dust decorated metal globe was made and included into the prominent sculpture standing five meters high and five meters in width. This newest water feature is an interesting and unique extension to the Gardens of Chatsworth, because the movement of flower petals is totally operated by water.

Where are the World’s Biggest Water Features?

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. It rockets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located near the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Improve Your Business with a Fountain

Most customers consider water fountains are a great addition to a business. Increasing traffic flow and differentiating yourself from the competitors are just some of the benefits of having a water fountain in your place of work.

Such businesses as yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, and salons can financially profit from placing a water feature nearby. The right water fountain will offer a relaxing ambiance to a business where people enjoy meeting outdoors. Couples out on a romantic date will definitely value a charming fountain in any bar or restaurant.

Liven Up Your Daily Life with a Fountain

From improving air quality to adding a feeling of peace to the area, a fountain adds so much to your life.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will benefit you in ways you might not even know. All over the world coastal cities have large populations which may perhaps be linked to the fact that the human body consists primarily of water. All living beings need water to exist, and while you could move to a pricey house on the beach somewhere, a much easier and cheaper possibility is to install a water feature wherever you live.

The introduction of an outdoor garden fountain to any porch, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space.

Outdoor water features can further elevate even the most gorgeous space. It can be a beautiful addition to the wall of your enclosed porch or outdoors above the veranda. If you have a flower bed, consider installing a beautiful tiered type there to add a sense of harmony. You will notice lots of birds coming to your garden if you install a birdbath fountain, as the water stays fresher than still water since it is continuously flowing. The final detail your garden area needs to be an oasis of tranquility is the sound of water in motion.

Garden Fountains And Obesity

The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The tax is thought to lessen sugary drink intake and boost the consumption of healthier drinks, like water from fountains. First, the city conducted an analysis to examine whether people had easy access to functioning drinking water fountains. By creating a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Researchers then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial factors that impacted the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic information, they were able to identify whether access to working fountains was class reliant. They were in a position to determine the demographics of regions surrounding active fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across different areas. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.


The Most Recent Addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth: Revelation Fountain
Created by well-known British sculptor Angela Conner, Revelation is the latest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental exterior water fountains. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire commissioned her, due to her... read more
The Main Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture
The primitive Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or... read more
The Advantages of Solar Wall fountains
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