The Original Water Features

Villages and villages relied on practical water fountains to funnel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or springs. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the conclusion of the nineteenth century, using the forceful power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to squeeze the water through spigots or other outlets. Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been designed as monuments in nearly all cultures. If you saw the very first fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. su2105_1__76918.jpg 2,000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the circulation of water through the fountain. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public monuments, as beautiful as they are functional. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from rock and bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Dazzling Cascade Water Feature at Chatsworth Garden

The Cascade garden fountain provides a spectacular main feature to the gardens and rests at the back of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards in direction of the house is a collection of 24 irregularly positioned stone steps extending down the hillside. The Cascade is founded on a 17th century French design and is completely gravity fed as well.

In 1696, this particular water fountain was built for the first Duke of Devonshire and has been kept the same ever since that time. At the apex of the fountain, from which water flows downward, rests the Cascade House. Embellished on the outside with ocean creatures in bas-relief, the dwelling is a small building. Causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade spectacle, on special occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be increased, as water goes through conduits on its rooftop and from the jaws of its carved marine creatures, before continuing down the Cascade. The sounds of the water cascading fluctuates as it descends down the Cascades mainly because of the small variation in the size of each and every step thereby delivering a fantastic and calming complement to a walking through the gardens. This cascade was chosen in a survey, carried out by Country Life in 2004, as England'sbest water feature.

The World’s Most Splendid Water Fountains

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. It spouts out water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes it on the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of propelling water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are working.

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is located next to highest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded music and shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Alluring Garden Multi-Level Water Features

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and popular especially in gardens. You can see many of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations. Common places to see them are in courtyards and city squares. Tiered fountains come in a wide array of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively basic types.

Traditional or classic surroundings are ideal spots for them. The fountain should look as old as the rest of the decor and fit in accordingly.

The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains

Garden wall fountains can be fueled in several different ways. While electrical power has been used up to now to run them, there has been renewed interest in environmentally-friendly solar powered models. Even though starting costs may be greater, solar powered water fountains are the most economical going forward. The most frequent materials used to make solar run water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. Your decor dictates which style best fits you. If you are considering a fountain to complete your garden refuge, know that they are effortless to care for and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

If you are searching for something visually pleasing as well as a way to maintain your house cool, indoor wall fountains are an ideal option. Applying the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers, they are a great alternative to cool off your home. You can lower your power bill since they use less energy.

One way to produce a cooling effect is to fan clean, dry air across them. To improve air flow, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. The most critical consideration is to ensure that the air is consistently flowing over the surface of the water. The cool, refreshing air made by waterfalls and fountains is a natural occurrence. A big public fountain or a water fall will generate a sudden chilliness in the air.

Your fountain cooling system should not be installed in an area which is particularly hot. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to generate cold air.

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of sorts of channels have been identified. In combination with offering water, they dispersed water which gathered from deluges or waste material. Rock and terracotta were the substances of choice for these channels. Terracotta was utilized for waterways and pipelines, both rectangle-shaped and spherical. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipelines which were found haven’t been spotted in any other civilization. The water provision at Knossos Palace was handled with a system of terracotta piping that was placed under the floor, at depths starting from a couple of centimeters to several meters. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta water pipes of the Minoans were also made use of to gather water and store it. In order to make this feasible, the pipelines had to be designed to handle: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s undetectable nature may suggest that it was originally manufactured for some kind of ritual or to distribute water to restricted groups. Quality Water Transportation: Some historians consider that these water lines were employed to build a separate distribution system for the residence.

How Technical Designs of Fountains Spread

The published papers and illustrated books of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of spreading useful hydraulic facts and fountain ideas throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French fountain designer (whose name has been lost) was the globally distinguished hydraulics pioneer. His expertise in designing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide which became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was authored by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. Describing contemporary hydraulic systems, the publication furthermore modernized key hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity. The water screw, a technical method to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Natural light warmed the liquid in two undetectable vessels next to the ornamental water feature were shown in an illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently rises and shuts the water pipes thereby triggering the water fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond concepts are included in the book.


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